Sea Surface Temperature in the Mediterranean: Trends and Spatial Patterns (1982–2016)
This study compiles the knowledge on the evolution of sea surface temperature values in the Mediterranean, observed in the past three decades. Previous studies have pointed out the sea surface temperature among the causes of the development and/or intensification of heavy rains in the Western Mediterranean, as well as the heat waves in Europe. In this study, a consistent increase in sea water temperature has been found in the entire Mediterranean region for the period between 1982 and 2016. The data was collected by satellites and refers to different temporal scales (daily, monthly, seasonal, by decade). Different distributions of the temperature increase were observed for winter and summer: in the colder months the temperature gradient increased from north to south, while in the summer the map showed a set of well-differentiated areas. Further work is to be conducted on the possible correlations between temperature increase and heavy rainfall trends in the Med that have a big impact on the society.
Wednesday, April 10, 2019